@nativescript-community/l
Native internationalization plugin for NativeScript using native capabilities of each platform
npm i --save @nativescript-community/l
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@nativescript-community/l

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This is a plugin for NativeScript that implements internationalization (i18n) using the native capabilities of each platform. It is a direct fork of nativescript-localize.

Differences

This plugin was created to have a different behavior from nativescript-localize:

  • the default localize method was renamed to l
  • the default l method tries to load from a local JSON object
  • you can load such a JSON object with loadLocalJSON passing either the JSON or the path to it
  • if no local JSON, l load natively
  • keys are not encoded anymore, meaning keys are the same in native/js worlds.
  • the locale JSON must now be a trully nested object (no . in keys names)
  • special characters support has been dropped in keys names.

Credits

A lot of thanks goes out to Eddy Verbruggen and Ludovic Fabrèges (@lfabreges) for developing and maintaining nativescript-localize.

Table of contents

Installation

tns plugin add @nativescript-community/l

Usage

Create a folder i18n in the app folder with the following structure:

app
| i18n
| en.json <-- english language
| fr.default.json <-- french language (default)
| es.js

You need to set the default langage and make sure it contains the application name to avoid any error.

Angular

app.module.ts

import { NgModule, NO_ERRORS_SCHEMA } from "@angular/core";
import { NativeScriptLocalizeModule } from "@nativescript-community/l/angular";
import { NativeScriptModule } from "nativescript-angular/nativescript.module";

import { AppComponent } from "./app.component";

@NgModule({
declarations: [AppComponent],
bootstrap: [AppComponent],
imports: [
NativeScriptModule,
NativeScriptLocalizeModule
],
schemas: [NO_ERRORS_SCHEMA]
})
export class AppModule { }

Template

<Label text="{{ 'Hello world !' | L }}"/>
<Label text="{{ 'I am %s' | L:'user name' }}"/>

Script

import { localize } from "@nativescript-community/l";

console.log(localize("Hello world !"));

Javascript / XML

app.js

const application = require("application");
const localize = require("@nativescript-community/l");
application.setResources({ L: localize.l });

Template

<Label text="{{ L('Hello world !') }}"/>
<Label text="{{ L('I am %s', 'user name') }}"/>

Script

const localize = require("@nativescript-community/l");

console.log(localize("Hello world !"));

Quirks

⚠️ If you notice translations work on your main XML page, but don't work on a page you navigate to, then add this little hack to the 'page loaded' function of that new page:

  const page = args.object;
page.bindingContext = new Observable();

Vue

app.js

import { l } from "@nativescript-community/l";

Vue.filter("L", l);

Template

<Label :text="'Hello world !'|L"></Label>
<Label :text="'I am %s'|L('user name')"></Label>

File format

Each file is imported using require, use the file format of your choice:

JSON

{
"app.name": "My app",
"ios.info.plist": {
"NSLocationWhenInUseUsageDescription": "This will be added to InfoPlist.strings"
},
"user": {
"name": "user.name",
"email": "user.email"
},
"array": [
"split the translation into ",
"multiples lines"
],
"sprintf": "format me %s",
"sprintf with numbered placeholders": "format me %2$s one more time %1$s"
}

Javascript

const i18n = {
"app.name": "My app"
};

module.exports = i18n;

Frequently asked questions

How to set the default language?

Add the .default extension to the default language file to set it as the fallback language:

fr.default.json

How to localize the application name?

The app.name key is used to localize the application name:

{
"app.name": "My app"
}

How to localize iOS properties?

Keys starting with ios.info.plist. are used to localize iOS properties:

{
"ios.info.plist.NSLocationWhenInUseUsageDescription": "This will be added to InfoPlist.strings"
}

How to change the language dynamically at runtime?

Seeing this module now uses JSON objects. Overriding consist of 3 steps:

  • overriding native language, done with overrideLocaleNative
  • overriding json language, done with loadLocalJSON
  • updating all labels, buttons.... your job!
import { overrideLocaleNative } from "@nativescript-community/l/localize";
const localeOverriddenSuccessfully = overrideLocaleNative("en-GB"); // or "nl-NL", etc (or even just the part before the hyphen)

Important: In case you are using Android app bundle to release your android app, add this to App_Resources/Android/app.gradle to make sure all lanugages are bundled in the split apks

android {

// there maybe other code here //

bundle {
language {
enableSplit = false
}
}
}

Tip: you can get the default language on user's phone by using this

import { device } from '@nativescript/core/platform';

console.log("user's language is", device.language.split('-')[0]);

Tip: overrideLocaleNative method stores the language in a special key in app-settings, you can access it like this,

import { getString } from '@nativescript/core/application-settings'; 

console.log(getString('__app__language__')); // only available after the first time you use overrideLocaleNative(langName);

Troubleshooting

The angular localization pipe does not work when in a modal context

As a workaround, you can trigger a change detection from within your component constructor:

constructor(
private readonly params: ModalDialogParams,
private readonly changeDetectorRef: ChangeDetectorRef,
) {
setTimeout(() => this.changeDetectorRef.detectChanges(), 0);
}